CMO Medical Officer Annual Report

Chief Medical Officer’s 2021 annual report highlights the substantially higher burden of physical and mental health conditions in coastal communities

  • The health challenges of coastal towns are serious and this report shows there is more in common between them than their nearest inland neighbours
  • Key recommendations include proposals for a cross-government strategy, greater coastal deployment of healthcare staff and improved data collection

England’s Chief Medical Officer (CMO) Professor Chris Whitty has recommended a cross-government national strategy to improve the health and wellbeing of coastal communities, as part of his 2021 annual report.

The report highlights that, despite the significant efforts of local leaders, coastal communities continue to have a high burden of health challenges across a range of physical and mental health conditions, often with lower life expectancy and higher rates of many major diseases.

Future of seaside towns: updated Government response to the Select Committee Report

The updated Government Response to the House of Lords Select Committee on the future of seaside towns was published yesterday at the request of the Chair of the Liaison Committee. – see buttons below

There are also links to the updated government response to the House of Lords Select Committee report on regenerating seaside towns and communities, looking at the future of seaside towns, which was published on 4 April 2019, and the original government response was published on 4 June 2019.

The Committee looked closely at a wide range of issues affecting seaside towns and the government has considered the Committee’s findings carefully in formulating its response, which supports the vast majority of the report’s recommendation. This is demonstrated by the progress made in the updated response.

The government’s updated response demonstrates their ongoing commitment to levelling up all parts of the country, including our seaside towns and coastal communities. It highlights the work being undertaken to help develop sustainable coastal towns and communities strengthening their appeal as places to live, work and visit

As you are aware the Coastal Communities Alliance is working with the LGA Coastal SIG and CPN to provide the Secretariat for the APPG Coastal Communities and we will ensure this update is on the agenda.

The Social Benefits of Blue Space

The Environment Agency has published this report on the social and health benefits of rivers, lakes and coastal waters – referred to collectively as ‘Blue Space’. The evidence will help the Environment Agency to develop its understanding of the contribution made by the water environment to achieving environmental and social policy outcomes.

Health and Wellbeing Opportunity Mapping – England

DCMS Select Inquiry into the Impact of Covid-19 on Coastal Tourism

Geography of the Covid-19 crisis in England – Institute for Fiscal Studies

Centre for Towns Report

Turning the Tide: Seaside Regeneration – Full Report

Covid-19 & Communities – Mapping the effects of Covid-19

North Somerset Council – Weston Placemaking Strategy

Arts Council – Our Strategy 2020 – 2030

Arts and Placeshaping Evidence Review

Letter to the Prime Minister – Appoint a Coastal Communities Minister please!

Alongside the Local Government Department’s Coastal Interest Group and the Coastal Communities Alliance, we have asked the Prime Minister to appoint a Coastal Communities Minister to provide a joined-up strategy across Whitehall departments to give support to coastal towns and help restore them to pre-Covid levels.

Coastal Tourism Recovery Funding letter to the Chancellor

Read our letter to the Chancellor supported by the Rt. Hon. Tobias Ellwood MP and a group of cross-party MPs and coastal destinations to provide much-needed funding for a four-year recovery programme to help restore the economies in seaside towns to pre-Covid-19 levels.

Turning back to the Sea

Once the source of prosperity for many coastal communities, the UK’s seas are now sometimes perceived as a barrier to their economic progress.

Our coastal communities are often the most disadvantaged and distant from public decision making, with many people feeling left behind.

House of Lords Select Committee Regenerating Seaside Towns

Sources of Funding

This document sets out the potential sources for funding and funding–related advice available to community and voluntary

organisations and public sector bodies. The information provided is only intended as a guide and may not cover all the sources of

funding available. Please note that whilst we aim to review and update this information regularly it may still be subject to change as

the status of organisations in the funding sector and criteria for granting funding can often change.

Coastal Communities Alliance Policy Document

Policy ask and Recommendations Spring 2018

Great British Conference 2016 (Brighton)

Here are the presentations from the conference in Brighton. Click on the link to open each presentation.


Dorset Coast Forum

Coastal Regeneration Handbook

This book is born of a desire by the Coastal Communities Alliance (CCA) to maintain and extend the national debate on how to address the complex social and economic problems that are associated with English coastal resorts.

As such, it is very much work in progress, and the debates that are generated here will be continued on the CCA website to create a resource for organisations concerned about the future of England’s seaside resorts.

DEFRA National Coastal Pathfinder

Through the DEFRA National Coastal Pathfinder Lincolnshire County Council was awarded a grant to undertake some pilot works and research studies into coastal issues.

Wood Holmes and Optimal Economics were commissioned to develop an evidence-based economic model and study of the Lincolnshire Coastal Economy with the intention that the methodology behind the model’s development might potentially be rolled out to other coastal areas of the UK.

Fundamentally, the aim of the study was to establish why businesses are on the coast, and what it would mean to their business if economic development on the coast was substantially reduced, either as a result of coastal flooding, macro-economic conditions or other policy intervention.

Specifically the study aimed to:

  • Gain a better understanding of local businesses, including why businesses locate on the coast and what they need to survive
  • Build on established baseline data to provide a more detailed local picture of business.
  • Develop a clear economic model methodology exemplifying business imperatives

The EXECUTIVE Summary can be downloaded – HERE (Pdf)

A Profile of Deprivation in Larger English

There is a perception that the economies of English towns and cities which once thrived on seaside resort tourism have declined and are enduring high levels of deprivation as a result of people going abroad for their holidays. Such is the perceived extent of this decline that during the 2010 election campaign all three major political parties discussed the problems facing British seaside and coastal settlements. In this article the Office for National Statistics defines the 57 largest English seaside destinations in terms of resident population. These destinations are then analysed, put into the context of the national picture, using the English Indices of Deprivation for 2007 and 2010 to ascertain whether this widely held belief holds true. In particular, are the larger seaside destinations more deprived than the rest of England and if so how does that deprivation vary across destinations.

Further analysis on seaside destinations is in development for expected publication in 2014.

Maximising the socio-economic benefits of marine planning for English coastal communities

This report seeks to help the Marine Management Organisation (MMO) maximise the socio-economic benefits of the marine planning process. It was written by a team from Roger Tym & Partners and Oxford Consultants for Social Inclusion (OCSI).

2 This report aims to help marine planners meet that challenge set by the Marine Policy Statement (MPS). The MPS requires marine planners to plan in such a way that “benefits society as a whole,” and contributes to resilient and cohesive communities “both in regeneration areas and areas that already benefit from strong local economies”.

The East Marine Plan area: maximising the socio-economic benefits of marine planning

This report has been written by Roger Tym & Partners with Oxford Consultants for Social Inclusion on behalf of the Marine Management Organisation (MMO).

Future marine plans are expected to deliver the vision set out in the UK Marine Policy Statement (MPS) of “clean, healthy, safe, productive and biologically diverse oceans and seas”. The MPS requires this vision to be delivered sustainably – meaning that economic considerations need to be integrated with social considerations as well as implications for the marine environment. Marine planning is therefore required to have positive terrestrial as well as marine impacts, and deliver “a strong, healthy and just society” with marine development which is “benefiting society as whole, [and] contributing to resilient and cohesive communities”.1 Further, the MPS states that marine planning should contribute to sustainable economic growth “both in regeneration areas and areas that already benefit from strong local economies” through integrating with terrestrial planning and engagement with coastal communities.

The report aims to help marine planning deliver this latter objective of maximising the socio-economic benefits of marine planning in the East marine area. It is a sister document to the national report entitled Maximising the socio-economic impacts of marine planning for English coastal communities (provided under separate cover).

Beside the seaside

Perceptions from the ‘front line’ on the support needs of families living in the private-rented sector in Margate


Margate was once a thriving seaside town but with loss of local tourism it is now multiply deprived, its many hotels and guest houses converted into privately rented houses in multiple-occupation (HMOs). The community is transient, demographically skewed, with greater numbers of children in care and economic migrants who present a special demand on local services. Despite a growing interest in setting policy in respect of other issues, there is little published on the state of the privately-rented housing sector in seaside towns and how conditions might be addressed effectively

Coastal Economy Tool Kit

This toolkit has been prepared to support coastal authorities and their partners in tuning economic development strategies to the unique challenges and opportunities of coastal economies.

The toolkit provides some pointers and practical tips that  authorities and partners can adopt in order to ‘coastal proof’ economic development strategies.

Outputs from the Coastal Communities Alliance and the DEFRA Coastal Pathfinder Programme have informed the toolkit.

Coastal Towns – Second Session Report

The Government has no specific policy or initiatives for coastal towns, based upon the premise that coastal towns are too diverse to warrant such an approach. The diversity of coastal towns is evident if you contrast an area such as Brighton, with its buoyant and diverse economy, with Margate, marked by its physical isolation and relative deprivation.

Our analysis has identified that a ‘one size fits all’ approach to coastal towns would be inappropriate given this diversity, however, we believe there are specific areas where Government needs to act to ensure that coastal towns are not neglected.

An Assett and a Challenge – Heritage and regeneration in coastal Towns

There are a whole range of complex issues affecting coastal towns in england. This English Heritage report documents examples of good practice in the heritage-led regeneration of English coastal towns. It examines a number of case-studies to gather lessons which may be applied to other coastal towns across the country.

A New Vision for North West Coastal Resorts

Locum Destination Consulting was commissioned by the Northwest Development Agency to prepare a long term vision and strategy for Coastal Resorts in the Northwest, one that is bold and offers a clear sense of direction, but at the same time is soundly based in terms of market trends and capable of achievement.

It will act as a framework for the application of funding from the NWDA, European and other sources (such as the Lottery funds), and assist the NWDA in taking a more proactive role in shaping policy.

The following 12 resorts – listed from north to south – were included in the brief:

  • Grange over Sands
  • Morecambe – focus
  • Knott End on Sea
  • Fleetwood
  • Cleveleys
  • Blackpool – focus
  • St Annes
  • Lytham
  • Southport – focus
  • New Brighton
  • Hoylake
  • West Kirby

CAPE on the Coast (Draft)

Community participation in adapting to coastal change is a key feature of Defra’s Coastal Change Policy. Defra’s policy emphasises that communities that are most at risk to coastal change must be informed, engaged and empowered to take an active part in deciding what happens locally. This process is referred to as Community Adaptation Planning and Engagement (CAPE).

Coastal Skills Audit Report produced by the Institute of Employment Research at Warwick University

The overarching approach to this study is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the demand for, and supply of, skills from individuals and employers in East Lindsey, with particular reference to the Coastal Zone. Skills policy over the past ten or so years has been very much demand side driven – and this was given considerable emphasis in the recent Leitch Implementation Plan – but in practice many of the policy levers are supply side ones.

For further details please contact East Lindsey District Council or Jonthan Burgess

The Seaside Economy

This report provides the first comprehensive examination of economic change in Britain’s seaside towns. The focus is on the whole local economy, not just the tourist sector, but in particular the report explores how local labour markets have responded to the challenge posed by the rise of the foreign holiday. The widely held view is that this has resulted in the unemployment that can now be observed in many seaside towns.

Coastal Cultural Strategy for Lincolnshire

Coastal Lives – Cultural Lives

cultural solutions was contracted by Lincolnshire County Council’s Economic Development in November 2008 to work with them, Arts Council England and its partners and stakeholders on the research, analysis and creation of a strategic and coordinated approach to the planning and delivery of a dynamic and innovative arts infrastructure along the Lincolnshire Coast

Ageing Communities

This report highlights the opportunities our ageing community can bring to coastal communities.

Incapacity Benefit Seminar

Following the publication of research into Incapacity Claimants by the Centre for Regional Economic and Social Research Lincolnshire hosted a seminar with delegates from both Lincolnshire and other coastal authorities (including Torbay, Blackpool, Great Yarmouth, Essex)

Recuitment in Coastal Areas

This report highlights the barriers to recuitment and retention of public sector workers in coastal areas.

Carmarthenshire CZM Net

Final Copy of the Carmarthenshire CZM Study

England’s Seaside Towns: CRESR

Power Point Summary of the works of Sheffield Hallam University – commissioned by the CLG

South East Coastal Towns. Economic Challenges and Cultural Regeneration

This research was commissioned through the Creative Foundation, Folkestone, on behalf of Arun District Council, Creative Foundation, Margate Renewal Partnership, Portsmouth City Council, Shepway District Council, SEEDA, University of Chichester and the University of Portsmouth to identify the impact of the current economic downturn on regeneration activities and to explore how regeneration programmes led or largely driven by cultural and educational investment may provide responses to the current challenging conditions